The soil for indoor plants is a very important factor for development and growth. Buying potting mix for houseplants is now easy and simple.
The stores offer a large number of universal and special substrates. Ready-made soil mixes are great for most types of houseplants and flowers.
Good land for plants is a special nutrient mixture, which consists of certain components in the right proportions.
Different types of plants need different types of soil mixture, including those with an acid-alkaline index (Ph). Neutral or slightly acidic soil is suitable for most indoor plants and flowers.
Consider the main types of soil substrates for indoor plants.
One of the main components of the soil mixture. This type of land is obtained after the cut sod (top layer of soil) in the meadows and fields is laid in layers on top of each other with the addition of organic fertilizers (manure) between them.
Such a “pie” lies for two years, then it is sifted, packaged in bags and sent for sale.
In autumn, leaves are collected (preferably – maple, linden, apple tree, ash; not suitable – oak, willow, chestnut, poplar). Then slaked lime is added and compost is formed.
Leaf soil is quite light and loose, together with sand it is used for growing seeds and planting cuttings.
Fresh manure (cow, horse) is piled up, covered with black polyethylene, and sieved after two years.
Signs of high-quality humus: uniformity, friability and the absence of a strong odor.
It is recommended to use only coarse clean river sand. Sand transports air to the root system, has good water permeability. Therefore, it is an important component for most soil mixtures.
Peat is one of the main components for the vast majority of soil mixtures. Fresh peat for potting crops can only be used after it has become uniform, free-flowing and soft.
Peat improves the quality of the substrate, increases its friability and makes it lighter.
Under coniferous trees, the top layer of soil is removed, mixed together with a small amount of sand and peat. This soil mixture is well suited for azaleas, begonias, gloxinia, violets.
The developed organic fertilizer TOG has a number of advantages:
Increase the resistance of plants to polluted soil;
The product is used both in landscape gardening areas and in large agricultural lands;
An important advantage of the product is the optimal ratio of useful components;
Due to this, the fertilizer increases the yield several times and improves the nutritional value of the finished product;
Increases resistance to various diseases;
Helps to increase the permeability of the soil.
Increases looseness of the soil and helps the earth “breathe”;
Protects the root system of plants from an increased percentage of soil solution;
All microelements are absorbed by 95%;
Stimulates the development of the root system.